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NIDA Notes Articles: Prevention

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Controlling College Students' ADHD Symptoms May Protect Them Against Substance Abuse

October 2007

Reports data on the prevalence of substance use among college students with ADHD, comparing those who received ADHD treatment with those who did not.

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Behavioral Problems Related to Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Manifest Early in Childhood

June 2008

Describes research providing evidence that maternal smoking during pregnancy contributes to behavioral conduct disorders among toddlers, school-age children, and teens.

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Reducing Postpartum Drug Use

December 2008

Highlights a computerized intervention that reduced new mothers' drug abuse in the first 4 months postpartum as reported in a clinical trial of 107 women who abused drugs.

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High-Risk Drug Offenders Do Better With Close Judicial Supervision

December 2008

Reports on research showing that increasing the mandatory drug court monitoring sessions for high-risk drug offenders can enhance program success rates.

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Intervention for Disruptive Children Shows Long-Term Benefits

October 2009

Reports on research providing evidence that teaching aggressive youngsters social coping skills reduces their chances of becoming substance abusers.

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Program Reduces Girls' Delinquent Behavior

October 2009

Reports on a study involving adolescent girls who were treated for delinquent behaviors in a well-supervised family setting, referred to as Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care.

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Vouchers Boost Smoking Abstinence During Pregnancy

April 2010
Describes a voucher-based reinforcement therapy trial with pregnant smokers to determine its effectiveness in enhancing abstinence rates.

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Behavior Game Played in Primary Grades Reduces Later Drug-Related Problems

April 2010
Presents research findings on a study to test the effectiveness of a classroom activity designed to instill appropriate behavior during children’s first 2 years of school.

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Neuroimaging Challenges Common Assumption of Public Service Messaging

October 2010
Describes a study of smokers' brain function while they watched antismoking PSAs and findings suggesting that calmer ads may be more effective.

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High, Persistent Rates of Risky Sexual Behaviors in Delinquent Youth

October 2010
Reports study findings that show young people who have gotten into trouble with the criminal justice system report high rates of sexual behaviors that increase risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

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