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NIDA Notes Articles: Treatment Research

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HIV Treatment Interruption Is Pervasive After Release From Texas Prisons

March 2011

Describes a study revealing that HIV-infected prisoners in Texas often experience an interruption in treatment following their release and that assistance in filling out paperwork can reduce these interruptions.

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In Animals, Receptor Puts Brakes on Nicotine Consumption

March 2012

New research suggests that differences in tobacco consumption reflect, in part, differences in the functional efficacy of a specific type of receptor in a pathway of the brain. In animal studies, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors with the α5 subunit played a key role in producing aversive responses to nicotine, thereby dissuading further consumption of the drug.

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Incentives Promote Abstinence

December 2010

Explores research findings on the value of motivational incentives to promote and reinforce abstinence from substances of abuse and encourage healthy behaviors.

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Incentives Reduce Stimulant Abuse During Methadone Maintenance

April 2007

Summarizes a study on the use of incentives to encourage abstinence among methadone maintenance patients in outpatient programs.

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Interim Methadone Raises Odds of Enrolling in Comprehensive Treatment

April 2007
Reports on a study to investigate the use of methadone maintenance for heroin addicts wait-listed for a treatment program to encourage their likelihood to enroll in the program.

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Intervention Boosts Treatment Participation, Abstinence Among Depressed Women

July 2012
Intensive case management was more effective in increasing treatment engagement and reducing alcohol consumption among depressed participants than among those who were not depressed, according to a followup analysis of a substance abuse treatment study involving women on welfare.

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Intervention Improves Abstinence, Employment Among Welfare Recipients

December 2010
Reports research to study the effectiveness of an intensive case management program to aid female substance abusers who receive welfare in staying off drugs and finding employment.

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Intervention Improves Employment Outlook For Methadone Patients

June 2008

Describes a study of unemployed methadone patients and the use of assertive outreach and motivational techniques to improve the patients’ employment outlook.

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James A. Inciardi (1939-2009)

April 2010
Remembers Dr. James A. Inciardi, founder and co-director of the Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies and professor at the University of Delaware, who died on November 23, 2009.

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Journal Highlights Global Nexus of Drug Abuse and HIV/AIDS

October 2007
Reviews a journal supplement that compiles studies on drug-related HIV transmission, with a focus on injection drug use, in 16 different localities across the globe.

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