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NIDA Notes Articles: Relapse and Recovery

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New Therapy Reduces Drug Abuse Among Patients With Severe Mental Illness

June 2008

Describes a new intervention that enhances recovery prospects for substance abusers whose mental illness complicates the path toward recovery.

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New Vaccines Are Being Developed Against Addiction and Relapse

December 2008

Highlights NIDA-funded research to develop vaccines against addiction to drugs such as cocaine, nicotine, phencyclidine (PCP), and methamphetamine.

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High-Risk Drug Offenders Do Better With Close Judicial Supervision

December 2008

Reports on research showing that increasing the mandatory drug court monitoring sessions for high-risk drug offenders can enhance program success rates.

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Lofexidine May Enhance Naltrexone Efficacy

December 2008

Highlights results from a pilot study suggesting that lofexidine, an anti-hypertensive medication, can enhance success rates among patients taking maintenance naltrexone to avoid opioid relapse.

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Aripiprazole Prevents Rats From Resuming Cocaine Seeking

December 2008

Reports on study results indicating a medication prescribed for schizophrenia and manic phases of bipolar disorder shows promise as a cocaine addiction treatment.

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Cocaine Locks Rats Into Unrewarding Behaviors

April 2009

Describes research with rats to better understand cocaine’s effect on the neural signaling in the learning circuits of the brain.

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Combined Treatments Improve Dual Abstinence

October 2009

Reports on a study investigating the effectiveness of a combined therapy of disulfiram and naltrexone for people who abuse cocaine and alcohol.

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Drug Cues Outside Awareness Rapidly Trigger Brain's Emotion Centers

October 2009

Describes research showing that cocaine abusers appear to have a rapid neural response to reward cues outside of their awareness, possibly signifying vulnerability to relapse.

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Abstinent Smokers' Nicotinic Receptors Take More Than a Month to Normalize

October 2009

Describes research revealing that for up to 6 weeks after smokers quit, their brain cells have more nicotine-binding receptors than nonsmokers, which may explain the struggle to quit.

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Methadone Therapy in Prison Benefits Men a Year Out

November 2009

Describes clinical trial results providing evidence that methadone maintenance to men in prison can pay off in better retention in community treatment and reduced drug abuse following their release.

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