Reports on the work of scientists who have linked impulsiveness and risk-taking among adolescents to immaturity of the brain region called the orbitofrontal cortex.
April 2007 Reports on a study to investigate the use of methadone maintenance for heroin addicts wait-listed for a treatment program to encourage their likelihood to enroll in the program.
February 2007 Describes animal studies that suggested exposure to the drug during gestation or adolescence may cause lasting alterations in reward and motivation circuits.
February 2007 Describes evidence supporting the view that developmental differences in brain systems that use the neurotransmitter dopamine underlie age differences in susceptibility to drug abuse.
February 2007 Reports on the work of researchers who used brain images to correlate cocaine-addicted patients' regional brain responses to drug cues with their outcomes in subsequent treatment.
February 2007 Reports on a study that documenting changing emotional and neurobiological responses to cocaine with successive doses during a single session of drug taking.
October 2006 Reports on a study of adolescents addicted to opioids who responded better to buprenorphine than clonidine in a clinical trial in which all patients also received behavioral therapy.
October 2006 Reports on a study investigating the use of incentives in the form of prizes to motivate outpatients to stay in behavioral therapy and remain drug free.
October 2006 Highlights two studies suggesting significant associations between marijuana smoking and respiratory disease.
October 2006 Describes a series of experiments that have added to evidence that a brain enzyme controls key memory processes that link drug experiences, the surroundings in which they take place, and the urge to repeat them.
As a result of scientific research, we know that addiction is a disease that affects both brain and behavior.