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Your search for Comorbidity returned 36 results. Search again.

Epidemiology

Self-Control Protects Urban Minority Youths From Drug Use and Depressive Mood

Interventions that bolster self-control in childhood and early adolescence might shield ethnic and racial minority adolescents and young adults from the burden of both drug use and depressive mood.

Treatment

HIV Infection Accelerates Hepatitis C–Related Liver Fibrosis

Study patients with HIV­­–hepatitis C coinfection progressed to successive degrees of severity of liver fibrosis 9 years sooner than those infected with HCV alone. Further findings from the study suggest that suppressing HIV with antiretroviral medications may slow HCV-related liver fibrosis.

Epidemiology

Study Parses Comorbidity of Cannabis Use and Social Anxiety

People with cannabis use disorder (CUD) are likely also to have social anxiety disorder (SAD), and comorbid SAD is associated with greater severity of cannabis-related problems. These findings highlight the importance of assessing CUD patients for SAD, as that disorder can be both a contributing cause and a consequence of CUD. Treating both disorders may be a key to helping patients recover from each.

Prevention

Thoughts of Suicide May Persist Among Nonmedical Prescription Opiate Users

People who use prescription opiates nonmedically are more likely to consider suicide than those who use these medications only appropriately or not at all. A recent NIDA-supported study also disclosed that the risk for suicidal thoughts remains elevated after cessation of use.

Treatment

Intervention Boosts Treatment Participation, Abstinence Among Depressed Women

Intensive case management was more effective in increasing treatment engagement and reducing alcohol consumption among depressed participants than among those who were not depressed, according to a followup analysis of a substance abuse treatment study involving women on welfare.
Prevention

Program Reduces Recidivism Among Men With Co-occurring Disorders

A modified therapeutic community program designed by NIDA-supported researchers helped Colorado offenders with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders re-enter their communities and avoid recidivism after release from prison.
Treatment

Alleviation of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder May Improve Addiction Treatment

Women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who abused drugs responded better to substance abuse treatment after their PTSD symptoms improved, according to a recent study, which also found that reductions in substance abuse did not ease PTSD severity

Director's Perspective

Research Focuses on Groups With High Smoking Rates

Dr. Volkow discusses NIDA’s efforts to develop effective antismoking treatments for populations with persistently high rates of smoking, such as people with psychiatric disorders, high school dropouts, and Native Americans.
Epidemiology

Nicotine Dependence Linked to Higher Rates of Mental Disorders Among Teens

A study of teenagers in Chicago public schools finds higher rates of psychiatric disorders among those with more symptoms of nicotine dependence.
Director's Perspective

Substance Abuse Among Older Adults

Understanding and responding to drug abuse among America’s aging population becomes more urgent as a growing percentage of baby boomers enter the over-50 age bracket.

Epidemiology

Substance Abuse Evaluated Among Women With Children

Discusses rates of substance use or abuse among mothers with at-home children and the factors that may contribute to the abuse.
Bulletin Board

Program Enhances Physician Knowledge on Substance Abuse

Reports on an evaluation of the Chief Resident Immersion Training (CRIT) program to assess its effectiveness in improving knowledge, confidence, and preparedness to diagnose, manage, and teach about substance abuse.
Treatment

Treatment Patterns Vary Among People With Co-Occurring Disorders Based on Type of Treatment System Entered

Presents a summary of a study that followed individuals who entered mental health crisis or substance abuse detoxification residential centers in San Francisco and the types of treatment they received.
Bulletin Board

Dr. Kathleen T. Brady Recognized

Recognizes the 2010 Distinguished University Professor awardee, Dr. Kathleen T. Brady, who studies co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders and their treatment.
Director's Perspective

Helping Doctors Become First Responders to Substance Abuse

Describes a toolkit that guides doctors in assessing a patient’s risk of developing an addiction problem, advising patients on the effects of substance abuse, and arranging for referrals.

Basic Science

Genetic Overlap Between Substance Abuse and Bipolar Disorder

Describes a literature analysis reporting on the prevalence of people with bipolar disorder who also have a substance use disorder and discusses the genetic link that may contribute to this comorbidity.

Treatment

Attention to Bipolar Disorder Strengthens Substance Abuse Treatment

Describes a study of participants who had both substance abuse and bipolar disorder to investigate the potential benefits of integrated group therapy for this population.

Treatment

Recovery Checkup System Helps Substance Abusers Who Have Mental Disorders

Reports on a posttreatment intervention to support recovery that may be especially beneficial for substance abusers with co-occurring mental disorders.

Treatment

Report Discusses Co-Occurrence of Drug Abuse and Other Mental Disorders

Describes an updated report on the co-occurrence, or comorbidity, of substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders such as ADHD, schizophrenia, and depression.

NIDA @ Work

DESPR Identifies Drug Abuse Trends and Seeks Solutions

Discusses the work of NIDA’s Division of Epidemiology, Services and Prevention Research, organized to track drug use and provide empirically based information for researchers and service providers.
Epidemiology

Most People Entering Drug Treatment Have Additional Mental Health Problems

Highlights data on the prevalence of people entering substance abuse treatment programs who also reported having at least one co-occurring mental health problem.

Director's Perspective

Substance Abuse Among Troops, Veterans, and Their Families

Highlights the need for research to assess and find solutions to a potential rise in substance abuse among service men and women, veterans, and their families.

Basic Science

Manic Mice Show Heightened Sensitivity to Rewards

Reports on an animal study suggesting that the manic stage of bipolar disorder promotes signs of drug abuse vulnerability by enhancing sensitivity to rewards, both natural and drug-related.

Treatment

Abstinent Smokers' Nicotinic Receptors Take More Than a Month to Normalize

Describes research revealing that for up to 6 weeks after smokers quit, their brain cells have more nicotine-binding receptors than nonsmokers, which may explain the struggle to quit.

Basic Science

Low Dopamine Receptor Availability May Promote Cocaine Addiction

Describes findings from an animal study showing that cocaine lowers availability of dopamine receptors in the basal ganglia, an area of the brain that includes portions of the reward system.

NIDA @ Work

Research Addresses Needs of Criminal Justice Staff and Offenders

Highlights a project in which nine research centers collaborate with criminal justice partners to test science-based tools for integrating drug abuse treatment in prisons and probation and parole programs.

Treatment

Court Mandates Help Men With Antisocial Personality Disorders Stay in Treatment

Reports on a study of men with co-occurring substance abuse and antisocial personality disorders and the potential benefit of judicially mandated addiction treatment.

Treatment

Nicotine Dependence is Linked With Mental Disorders in Pregnant Women

Reports on a link between mental disorders, including mood, anxiety, or personality disorder and nicotine dependence in pregnancy women.

Treatment

New Therapy Reduces Drug Abuse Among Patients With Severe Mental Illness

Describes a new intervention that enhances recovery prospects for substance abusers whose mental illness complicates the path toward recovery.

Bulletin Board

Researchers Report on Progress of NIDA's Southern Africa Initiative

Presents an update on NIDA’s Southern African Initiative, a program that aims to build research capacity and infrastructure in the area of addiction, particularly drug-related HIV transmission.

Standard Treatments Help Depressed Smokers Quit

Describes a study comparing Staged Care Intervention, a combination treatment for smoking cessation, among smokers in outpatient treatment for depression and a control group.

Cocaine Abusers' Pretreatment Cue Responses Predict Recovery Success

Reports on the work of researchers who used brain images to correlate cocaine-addicted patients' regional brain responses to drug cues with their outcomes in subsequent treatment.
Director's Perspective

Addiction and Co-Occurring Mental Disorders

Presents an overview of the research underway to investigate medication and behavioral therapies for co-occurring disorders.

Report Calls for Sweeping Changes in Health Care for Mental and Substance Abuse Problems

Reviews a report from the National Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Medicine that discusses ways to improve the quality of health care among people with mental health and substance abuse disorders.

Methylphenidate for Comorbid Cocaine Abuse, ADHD

Describes an inpatient study investigating the effectiveness of sustained-release methylphenidate as a treatment for cocaine-addiction patients with ADHD.

NIDA Launches Criminal Justice Publication in Chicago

Highlights a publication that outlines 13 research-based principles of successful treatment of drug abusers in the criminal justice system.

NIDA Notes

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