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NIDA Notes

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NIDA Notes keeps you up to date on research advances in the causes, consequences, prevention, and treatment of drug abuse and addiction and HIV/AIDS.

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Varenicline Helps People With Mental Illness Maintain Abstinence From Smoking (November 2014)

The finding from an 18-month-long clinical trial strengthens hope that pharmacotherapy can break nicotine’s especially tenacious hold on people with serious mental illness such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia.

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Study Assesses Functional Deficits Due to HIV and Methamphetamine Use (November 2014)

Methamphetamine use and HIV infection raise the risk for functional dependence, or the need for assistance with everyday tasks. People who use methamphetamine and are HIV positive showed the highest levels of functional dependence in most domains of daily life.

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NIDA To Provide Travel Awards to Junior Investigators Conducting Research Focused on Women and Sex/Gender Differences in Drug Abuse (November 2014)

NIDA plans to provide $750 travel awards to 27 junior investigators to present their research on women or sex/gender differences in any area of drug abuse at the annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence in Phoenix, Arizona, June 13–18, 2015. Deadline to apply is December 5, 2014.

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Animation: The Rise and Fall of the Cocaine High (November 2014)

This animation shows the rapid passage of cocaine through the brain. It demonstrates that the intensity of the cocaine “high” parallels the trajectory of cocaine levels in the brain.

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Smoking Cessation Does Not Interfere With Recovery From Substance Use (October 2014)

Despite common concerns that encouraging patients to quit smoking might endanger their success in treatment of substance use and mood or anxiety disorders, smoking cessation appears unlikely to hinder and may even help recovery.

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Dr. Kevin M. Gray Q & A: A Potential Medication for Marijuana Dependence (October 2014)

Dr. Kevin M. Gray discusses why it’s the perfect time for discovering new evidence-based treatments for marijuana dependence. In an accompanying podcast, he discusses a clinical trial that examines NAC’s potential as a treatment for marijuana dependence among adults.

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A Genetic Nexus of Obesity and Smoking (October 2014)

Research shows that some gene variants that influence body mass index also shape smoking behaviors.

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New Approach Uses Immune Cells To Deliver Anti-HIV Medications (October 2014)

Nano-antiretroviral therapy (nano-ART) turns macrophages—one of the very cell types that HIV uses to replicate and spread through the body—into carriers for anti-HIV medications. The approach has the potential to make treatment for HIV easier and more effective.

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Student-Scientists Present Award-Winning Research at NIDA (August 2014)

Four high school students were honored for their work regarding e-cigarettes, the GABAA neuroreceptor, and adolescent multitasking.

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Training Workshops Boost Approval of Contingency Management (August 2014)

Clinicians associated with the Veterans Administration looked more favorably upon contingency management after attending training workshops on the use of the intervention. Despite being highly effective at decreasing drug use, contingency management is one of the least used among proven substance abuse treatments.

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    The Rise and Fall of the Cocaine High

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