The Special Populations Office (SPO), Office of the Director (OD), National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), and the African American Researchers and Scholars Work Group (AARSWG) conducted the 2nd Annual Addiction Research Training Institute (ARTI) on July 21–24, 2009, at Morehouse School of Medicine in Atlanta, Georgia. The ARTI was designed to train early/new investigators to become funded researchers in the area of substance abuse and addiction. The trainees included 14 postdoctoral fellows and junior faculty members from several academic institutions. Training sessions included presentations on an array of current research findings and opportunities, NIDA/NIH support mechanisms, proposal development, and a mock review of trainees' research proposals. ARTI was cosponsored by the Southeast Addiction Technology Transfer Center (SATTC), National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), and Community Voices.