The Special Populations Office, Office of the Director (OD), National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), along with NIDA's African American Researchers and Scholars Work Group (AARSWG), hosted its first Addiction Research Training Institute (ARTI), which was held July 22–25, 2008, at Morehouse School of Medicine in Atlanta, Georgia. The ARTI was designed to train early/new investigators to become funded researchers in the area of substance abuse and addiction in African Americans. The trainees included 20 postdoctoral fellows and junior faculty members from several academic institutions. Training sessions included presentations on an array of current research findings and opportunities, a grant-writing and publication workshop, and a mentored critique of the trainees' research proposals. The ARTI was cosponsored by Morehouse School of Medicine, Community Voices, and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).