The World Health Organization (WHO) has released the first evidence-based global guidelines to prevent and treat substance use by pregnant women. The plain language recommendations also can be used to help pregnant women and their family members make healthy decisions about alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use. Designed for use in both low- and high-resource countries, the document identifies principles and best practices in six areas:
Seeking to prevent adverse health effects of consuming alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs, or other psychoactive substances during pregnancy, the World Health Organization (WHO) is developing guidelines to assist in identifying and managing substance use by pregnant women. WHO reports that substance use during pregnancy has been associated with miscarriage, impaired fetal growth and development, and life-long problems in affected infants. WHO expects to release the guidelines in 2014.