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Peers Increase Teen Driving Risk via Heightened Reward Activity

Marzo del 2012
Adolescent, but not adult, drivers are more likely to take risks when peers are watching, a new study suggests.

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NIDA Announces Avant-Garde Medication Development Awards

Marzo del 2012
Dr. Thomas Kosten of Baylor College of Medicine and Dr. Peter Burkhard of the University of Connecticut are the recipients of NIDA’s 2011 Avant-Garde Awards for Innovative Medication Development Research. Dr. Kosten is developing a vaccine against methamphetamine abuse and Dr. Burkhard is developing a vaccine to counter nicotine addiction.

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In Animals, Receptor Puts Brakes on Nicotine Consumption

Marzo del 2012

New research suggests that differences in tobacco consumption reflect, in part, differences in the functional efficacy of a specific type of receptor in a pathway of the brain. In animal studies, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors with the α5 subunit played a key role in producing aversive responses to nicotine, thereby dissuading further consumption of the drug.

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Stimulant Abusers' Regard for Future Improves With Memory Training

diciembre del 2011

Researchers correlate stimulant abusers’ improved performance on a memory training exerc ise with reductions in delay discounting.

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Marker for Neuronal Damage Resolves a Year after Methamphetamine

diciembre del 2011

New results extend previous findings that some methamphetamine-induced neuronal damage resolves after a year of abstinence.

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Program Helps Troubled Boys Reduce Substance Abuse

diciembre del 2011

Chronically delinquent boys in Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care reduced their substance abuse more than boys assigned to Community Group Care.

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Substance Abuse Among Older Adults

diciembre del 2011

Understanding and responding to drug abuse among America’s aging population becomes more urgent as a growing percentage of baby boomers enter the over-50 age bracket.

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Individual Differences in Decisionmaking Style May Predict Teen Problems

diciembre del 2011

Reports on the relative influence of genes versus environment on adolescents’ choices that involve delayed gratification.

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Financial Strain Hinders Smoking Cessation

diciembre del 2011

Helping smokers deal with financial problems could improve their chances of staying abstinent after receiving treatment, according to a new study. Participants with the most financial strain had the least success in remaining abstinent.

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Girls More Likely Than Boys to Use Ecstasy

noviembre del 2011
Lifetime ecstasy use is more prevalent among adolescent girls than among adolescent boys, according to an analysis of 2002–2008 data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

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