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NIDA Notes Articles: Ciencia de la adicción

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Dr. Antonello Bonci Q & A: Lighting Up the Brain To Shut Down Cocaine Seeking

julio del 2014

The Scientific Director of NIDA’s Intramural Research Program talks about switching off animals’ compulsive cocaine seeking by optogenetically activating the prefrontal cortex, and the implications of this work for people. In an accompanying podcast, Dr. Bonci walks viewers through experiments that showed that prefrontal cortex activity levels may constitute a simple switch controlling whether or not animals compulsively seek cocaine.

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Dr. David Jentsch Receives the 2011 Waletzky Memorial Award

julio del 2012
Dr. J. David Jentsch is the recipient of the 2011 Jacob P. Waletzky Memorial Award for Innovative Research in Drug Addiction and Alcoholism. Dr. Jentsch and colleagues at the University of California, Los Angeles, are studying genetic and neurochemical factors that influence individual differences in inhibitory control.

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Dr. Evan D. Kharasch Joins the Institute of Medicine

diciembre del 2013

Dr. Kharasch is a NIDA-funded researcher known for a broad range of research into how drugs are metabolized in the body.

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Dr. Geoffrey Schoenbaum Receives the Waletzky Memorial Award

octubre del 2010
Announces the recipient of a 2009 award for innovation in research on drug addiction and alcoholism and with a focus on the changes that occur in the brain after exposure to drugs.

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Dr. Joni Rutter Q&A: How Basic Science Is Tackling Addiction

mayo del 2014

One of NIDA’s goals is to try to understand the individual differences that contribute to whether or not someone who takes a drug will become addicted to it. Dr. Rutter’s research focuses on three types of differences: Environmental, developmental, and genetic and epigenetic.

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Dr. Marilyn Huestis Q & A: Matching Drug Effects to Drug Concentrations

septiembre del 2013

Dr. Marilyn Huestis of NIDA’s Intramural Research Program talks about conducting research on drug effects with human subjects, developing tests to help law enforcement identify drugged drivers, and an assay to help identify children whose prenatal exposure to anti-HIV drugs may put them at risk for adverse developmental outcomes.

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Drug Cues Outside Awareness Rapidly Trigger Brain's Emotion Centers

octubre del 2009

Describes research showing that cocaine abusers appear to have a rapid neural response to reward cues outside of their awareness, possibly signifying vulnerability to relapse.

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Epigenetics: The Promise of a New Science

Marzo del 2008

Discusses the role of epigenetics, the study of cellular mechanisms that control gene expression and its impacts on health and behavior, in addiction research.

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Exposure to Morphine During Early Adolescence Sensitizes Rats as Adults

octubre del 2007

Presents highlights of a study indicating that exposure to morphine during adolescence may increase sensitivity to the drug during adulthood.

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Extended Cocaine Exposure Impairs Cognitive Function in Rats

noviembre del 2009

Reports an animal study presenting evidence that cocaine causes cognitive deficits that can persist well into abstinence.

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