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NIDA Notes Articles: Mujeres

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Reducing Postpartum Drug Use

diciembre del 2008

Highlights a computerized intervention that reduced new mothers' drug abuse in the first 4 months postpartum as reported in a clinical trial of 107 women who abused drugs.

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Cocaine Locks Rats Into Unrewarding Behaviors

abril del 2009

Describes research with rats to better understand cocaine’s effect on the neural signaling in the learning circuits of the brain.

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Substance Abuse Evaluated Among Women With Children

diciembre del 2010
Discusses rates of substance use or abuse among mothers with at-home children and the factors that may contribute to the abuse.

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Intervention Improves Abstinence, Employment Among Welfare Recipients

diciembre del 2010
Reports research to study the effectiveness of an intensive case management program to aid female substance abusers who receive welfare in staying off drugs and finding employment.

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Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research Program

abril del 2012
NIDA’s Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research Program focuses on gender-specific addiction risk factors and treatment needs.

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Home Visits by Nurses to Low-Income First-Time Mothers Yield Enduring Benefits

abril del 2012
A program involving home visits by nurses to low-income first-time mothers, starting during pregnancy and extending into the second year of their children’s lives, has a positive and long-lasting impact on families. Children who participated in the program were less likely than others to report having used alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana at age 12.

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Vouchers Improve Mothers’ Smoking Abstinence and Newborns’ Weight

abril del 2012

Pregnant women who received financial incentives to refrain from smoking during late pregnancy were more successful at remaining abstinent and less likely to have babies with low birth weight, according to data from three trials.

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Alleviation of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder May Improve Addiction Treatment

abril del 2012

Women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who abused drugs responded better to substance abuse treatment after their PTSD symptoms improved, according to a recent study, which also found that reductions in substance abuse did not ease PTSD severity

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Intervention Boosts Treatment Participation, Abstinence Among Depressed Women

julio del 2012
Intensive case management was more effective in increasing treatment engagement and reducing alcohol consumption among depressed participants than among those who were not depressed, according to a followup analysis of a substance abuse treatment study involving women on welfare.

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Receptor May Underlie Gender Differences in Response to Smoking Cessation

mayo del 2013

Men benefit more than women from nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation because nicotine affects a key neuroreceptor differently in the two sexes, a NIDA-sponsored study suggests. The findings highlight the need for alternative therapies for women smokers, and point to the female hormone progesterone as a potential therapeutic target.

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