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NIDA Notes Articles: Mujeres embarazadas

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Behavioral Problems Related to Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Manifest Early in Childhood

junio del 2008

Describes research providing evidence that maternal smoking during pregnancy contributes to behavioral conduct disorders among toddlers, school-age children, and teens.

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Buprenorphine During Pregnancy Reduces Neonate Distress

julio del 2012

Sublingual buprenorphine is a safe and effective alternative to methadone for treating opioid dependence during pregnancy, finds the Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental Research (MOTHER) study, a NIDA-supported clinical trial. Women who received either medication had similar pregnancy and birth outcomes, but infants born to women who received buprenorphine had milder symptoms of neonatal opioid withdrawal.

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Gene Influences Impact of Maternal Smoking on Children's Behavioral Problems

julio del 2011
Describes research showing that the combination of prenatal smoking exposure and specific genes increases children’s and adolescent’s risk for behavior problems.

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Home Visits by Nurses to Low-Income First-Time Mothers Yield Enduring Benefits

abril del 2012
A program involving home visits by nurses to low-income first-time mothers, starting during pregnancy and extending into the second year of their children’s lives, has a positive and long-lasting impact on families. Children who participated in the program were less likely than others to report having used alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana at age 12.

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Methamphetamine Restricts Fetal Growth, Increases Lethargy in Newborns

junio del 2008

Reports on research showing that newborns whose mothers abused methamphetamine during pregnancy showed lower rates of fetal growth as compared with unexposed newborns.

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Nicotine Alters the Developing Rat Brain

febrero del 2007
Describes animal studies that suggested exposure to the drug during gestation or adolescence may cause lasting alterations in reward and motivation circuits.

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Nicotine Dependence is Linked With Mental Disorders in Pregnant Women

diciembre del 2008

Reports on a link between mental disorders, including mood, anxiety, or personality disorder and nicotine dependence in pregnancy women.

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Prenatal Methamphetamine Exposure Linked With Problems

diciembre del 2012

Study findings indicate that children exposed to methamphetamine prenatally show more signs of increased emotionality, anxiety, and depression than nonexposed children at ages 3 and 5 years.

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Prenatal Nicotine Exposure May Damage Receptors That Influence Auditory Processing

abril del 2009

Reports on a series of animal experiments indicating that nicotine exposure during prenatal fetal development damages a set of receptors in the brain's auditory processing center.

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Reducing Postpartum Drug Use

diciembre del 2008

Highlights a computerized intervention that reduced new mothers' drug abuse in the first 4 months postpartum as reported in a clinical trial of 107 women who abused drugs.

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