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NIDA Notes Articles: Mujeres embarazadas

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Nicotine Alters the Developing Rat Brain

febrero del 2007
Describes animal studies that suggested exposure to the drug during gestation or adolescence may cause lasting alterations in reward and motivation circuits.

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Vaccine May Reduce Fetal Exposure to Nicotine

abril del 2007
Describes research on a vaccine developed to facilitate smoking cessation by blocking nicotine penetration into the brain.

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Behavioral Problems Related to Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Manifest Early in Childhood

junio del 2008

Describes research providing evidence that maternal smoking during pregnancy contributes to behavioral conduct disorders among toddlers, school-age children, and teens.

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Methamphetamine Restricts Fetal Growth, Increases Lethargy in Newborns

junio del 2008

Reports on research showing that newborns whose mothers abused methamphetamine during pregnancy showed lower rates of fetal growth as compared with unexposed newborns.

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Nicotine Dependence is Linked With Mental Disorders in Pregnant Women

diciembre del 2008

Reports on a link between mental disorders, including mood, anxiety, or personality disorder and nicotine dependence in pregnancy women.

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Reducing Postpartum Drug Use

diciembre del 2008

Highlights a computerized intervention that reduced new mothers' drug abuse in the first 4 months postpartum as reported in a clinical trial of 107 women who abused drugs.

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Prenatal Nicotine Exposure May Damage Receptors That Influence Auditory Processing

abril del 2009

Reports on a series of animal experiments indicating that nicotine exposure during prenatal fetal development damages a set of receptors in the brain's auditory processing center.

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Vouchers Boost Smoking Abstinence During Pregnancy

abril del 2010
Describes a voucher-based reinforcement therapy trial with pregnant smokers to determine its effectiveness in enhancing abstinence rates.

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Gene Influences Impact of Maternal Smoking on Children's Behavioral Problems

julio del 2011
Describes research showing that the combination of prenatal smoking exposure and specific genes increases children’s and adolescent’s risk for behavior problems.

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Home Visits by Nurses to Low-Income First-Time Mothers Yield Enduring Benefits

abril del 2012
A program involving home visits by nurses to low-income first-time mothers, starting during pregnancy and extending into the second year of their children’s lives, has a positive and long-lasting impact on families. Children who participated in the program were less likely than others to report having used alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana at age 12.

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