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NIDA Notes Articles: Prevention

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High-Risk Drug Offenders Do Better With Close Judicial Supervision

diciembre del 2008

Reports on research showing that increasing the mandatory drug court monitoring sessions for high-risk drug offenders can enhance program success rates.

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Home Visits by Nurses to Low-Income First-Time Mothers Yield Enduring Benefits

abril del 2012
A program involving home visits by nurses to low-income first-time mothers, starting during pregnancy and extending into the second year of their children’s lives, has a positive and long-lasting impact on families. Children who participated in the program were less likely than others to report having used alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana at age 12.

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Individual Differences in Decisionmaking Style May Predict Teen Problems

diciembre del 2011

Reports on the relative influence of genes versus environment on adolescents’ choices that involve delayed gratification.

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Intensive Interventions Reduce Risky Sexual Behaviors

julio del 2011
Discusses research that compares multiple sessions of motivational and behavioral training with that of a single intervention among male and female substance abusers to reduce high-risk sexual behaviors.

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Intervention for Disruptive Children Shows Long-Term Benefits

octubre del 2009

Reports on research providing evidence that teaching aggressive youngsters social coping skills reduces their chances of becoming substance abusers.

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Intervention Strengthens American Indian Teen Mothers’ Parenting

febrero del 2014

Teen mothers on three American Indian reservations improved on several measures of parenting after participating in Family Spirit, a home-visiting intervention developed with NIDA support. At 12 months postpartum, the women’s children exhibited reduced rates of emotional difficulties predicting later drug abuse and other behavioral problems. Infants at highest risk—those whose mothers had histories of drug abuse—benefited the most.

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Neuroimaging Challenges Common Assumption of Public Service Messaging

octubre del 2010
Describes a study of smokers' brain function while they watched antismoking PSAs and findings suggesting that calmer ads may be more effective.

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Parental Supervision and Genetics Interact To Influence Nicotine Addiction

diciembre del 2010

Reviews research indicating that both parental influence and certain genes interact to influence nicotine addiction and that parental monitoring may play a role in reducing risk.

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Peers Increase Teen Driving Risk via Heightened Reward Activity

Marzo del 2012
Adolescent, but not adult, drivers are more likely to take risks when peers are watching, a new study suggests.

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Prenatal Methamphetamine Exposure Linked With Problems

diciembre del 2012

Study findings indicate that children exposed to methamphetamine prenatally show more signs of increased emotionality, anxiety, and depression than nonexposed children at ages 3 and 5 years.

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