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NIDA Notes Articles: Treatment

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Receptor May Underlie Gender Differences in Response to Smoking Cessation

mayo del 2013

Men benefit more than women from nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation because nicotine affects a key neuroreceptor differently in the two sexes, a NIDA-sponsored study suggests. The findings highlight the need for alternative therapies for women smokers, and point to the female hormone progesterone as a potential therapeutic target.

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Recovery Checkup System Helps Substance Abusers Who Have Mental Disorders

diciembre del 2009

Reports on a posttreatment intervention to support recovery that may be especially beneficial for substance abusers with co-occurring mental disorders.

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Recovery May Be Harder for Adolescents, Animal Study Suggests

diciembre del 2009

Reports animal study findings that suggest adolescents' heightened sensitivity to drug reward puts them at enhanced risk of addiction and may also increase their challenges in recovery.

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Report Discusses Co-Occurrence of Drug Abuse and Other Mental Disorders

diciembre del 2009

Describes an updated report on the co-occurrence, or comorbidity, of substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders such as ADHD, schizophrenia, and depression.

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Selenium Shows Promise as an Adjunct Therapy for HIV

diciembre del 2008

Reports on a randomized controlled trial of HIV-infected men and women who, as a result of receiving selenium supplements, experienced lower HIV viral load and greater CD4 cell count.

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Sertraline Does Not Help Methamphetamine Abusers Quit

Marzo del 2008

Describes a new research finding indicating that the antidepressant sertraline (Zoloft), prescribed to relieve depression during the methamphetamine withdrawal process, may make quitting harder.

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Smokers Who Quit May Have Genetic Advantage

noviembre del 2009

Describes research providing evidence that genes may influence how successful a person is in quitting smoking and which cessation technique may work best for them.

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Staff Stress Affects Patients’ Engagement in Therapy

febrero del 2013

Several factors contribute to treatment professionals’ stress and burnout, including how much influence they feel they have in their organization and their caseload. Surprisingly, a NIDA-supported study found that the link between staff stress and burnout was weaker in programs with higher patient caseloads than those with lower caseloads. In addition, program administrators can help counselors reduce their stress by giving them a voice in organizational policies and procedures.  

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Stimulant Abusers' Regard for Future Improves With Memory Training

diciembre del 2011

Researchers correlate stimulant abusers’ improved performance on a memory training exerc ise with reductions in delay discounting.

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Stroop Test Identifies Patients at Risk for Treatment Dropout

abril del 2010
Reports on a study of cocaine abusers revealing that the Stroop test may predict which cocaine abusers are likely to drop out of therapy.

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Toma el reto nacional sobre el coeficiente intelectual (CI) sobre las drogas