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NIDA Notes Articles: Nicotina

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Fewer Girls Are Smoking, But Change Is Uneven

Marzo del 2011

Reports 2010 rates of cigarette smoking among eighth girls, providing historical data and racial and ethnic differences.

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Financial Strain Hinders Smoking Cessation

diciembre del 2011

Helping smokers deal with financial problems could improve their chances of staying abstinent after receiving treatment, according to a new study. Participants with the most financial strain had the least success in remaining abstinent.

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Gene Influences Impact of Maternal Smoking on Children's Behavioral Problems

julio del 2011
Describes research showing that the combination of prenatal smoking exposure and specific genes increases children’s and adolescent’s risk for behavior problems.

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Genes and Smoking

abril del 2007

Reports on the research underway to identify gene variations associated with nicotine addiction and the interaction of genetic makeup, experiences, and surroundings to addiction.

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Good Behavior Game Wins 2012 Mentor International Best Practice Award

noviembre del 2012

The NIDA-supported Good Behavior Game recently was honored with the 2012 Mentor International Best Practice Award. The game, which focuses on reducing disruptive behaviors in elementary school classrooms, has been shown to prevent drug abuse and other problems in adolescence and young adulthood.

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Imaging Studies Elucidate Neurobiology of Cigarette Craving

diciembre del 2008

Reports on three separate imaging studies illuminating the neurobiology of cigarette craving.

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In Animals, Receptor Puts Brakes on Nicotine Consumption

Marzo del 2012

New research suggests that differences in tobacco consumption reflect, in part, differences in the functional efficacy of a specific type of receptor in a pathway of the brain. In animal studies, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors with the α5 subunit played a key role in producing aversive responses to nicotine, thereby dissuading further consumption of the drug.

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Individual Differences in Decisionmaking Style May Predict Teen Problems

diciembre del 2011

Reports on the relative influence of genes versus environment on adolescents’ choices that involve delayed gratification.

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Intervention for Disruptive Children Shows Long-Term Benefits

octubre del 2009

Reports on research providing evidence that teaching aggressive youngsters social coping skills reduces their chances of becoming substance abusers.

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Intervention Strengthens American Indian Teen Mothers’ Parenting

febrero del 2014

Teen mothers on three American Indian reservations improved on several measures of parenting after participating in Family Spirit, a home-visiting intervention developed with NIDA support. At 12 months postpartum, the women’s children exhibited reduced rates of emotional difficulties predicting later drug abuse and other behavioral problems. Infants at highest risk—those whose mothers had histories of drug abuse—benefited the most.

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Toma el reto nacional sobre el coeficiente intelectual (CI) sobre las drogas