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NIDA Notes Articles: Cocaína

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Manic Mice Show Heightened Sensitivity to Rewards

octubre del 2009

Reports on an animal study suggesting that the manic stage of bipolar disorder promotes signs of drug abuse vulnerability by enhancing sensitivity to rewards, both natural and drug-related.

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Medications That Normalize Brain Glutamate Reduce Drug-Seeking in Rats

octubre del 2010
Reports on two studies that demonstrate the promise of treating addiction with medications that alleviate drug-induced alterations in signaling by the neurotransmitter glutamate.

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Methadone Reduces Rats' Cocaine Seeking

diciembre del 2008

Reports on an animal study showing that methadone, normally used as a therapy for opioid abuse, may prove to be an effective treatment for cocaine abuse.

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Methadone Therapy in Prison Benefits Men a Year Out

noviembre del 2009

Describes clinical trial results providing evidence that methadone maintenance to men in prison can pay off in better retention in community treatment and reduced drug abuse following their release.

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Methylphenidate for Comorbid Cocaine Abuse, ADHD

octubre del 2006
Describes an inpatient study investigating the effectiveness of sustained-release methylphenidate as a treatment for cocaine-addiction patients with ADHD.

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Mice With Genetic Alteration Eschew Cocaine

junio del 2008

Reports on a study involving researchers who successfully desensitized mice to cocaine by genetically altering their dopamine transporters.

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Modafinil Normalizes Sleep During Early Cocaine Abstinence

diciembre del 2010
Describes a study investigating the effectiveness of modafinil in enhancing sleep among cocaine abusers who are currently abstinent.

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Neuropeptide Promotes Behaviors Tied to Addiction and Overeating

julio del 2011

Reports on several studies implicating a certain neuropeptide (a signaling molecule) in fostering addition and overeating and discusses implications for addiction treatment.

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Neuropeptide Promotes Drug-Seeking and Craving in Rats

octubre del 2007
Reports on two studies indicating that orexin, a neuropeptide that stimulates eating and regulates wakefulness, also fosters animals' drug seeking and craving responses to drugs.

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New Class of Regulators for Addiction Genes

noviembre del 2011
New studies show that microRNAs, snippets of RNA implicated in a wide variety of biological processes, are involved in promoting and inhibiting cocaine addiction. The findings could pave a new path for the development of anti-addiction therapies.

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