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NIDA Notes Articles: Investigaciones sobre los tratamientos

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High Rates of Job Leaving Among Addiction Counselors

abril del 2012

Substance abuse counselors and clinical supervisors disclosed high job turnover rates in a survey of 27 treatment organizations.

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Antiretroviral Treatment Reduces Spread of HIV Among Injection Drug Users

abril del 2012

Expanded use of antiretroviral therapy in British Columbia reduced the spread of HIV among injection drug users and others in the province.

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Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research Program

abril del 2012
NIDA’s Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research Program focuses on gender-specific addiction risk factors and treatment needs.

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In Animals, Receptor Puts Brakes on Nicotine Consumption

Marzo del 2012

New research suggests that differences in tobacco consumption reflect, in part, differences in the functional efficacy of a specific type of receptor in a pathway of the brain. In animal studies, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors with the α5 subunit played a key role in producing aversive responses to nicotine, thereby dissuading further consumption of the drug.

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Financial Strain Hinders Smoking Cessation

diciembre del 2011

Helping smokers deal with financial problems could improve their chances of staying abstinent after receiving treatment, according to a new study. Participants with the most financial strain had the least success in remaining abstinent.

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Stimulant Abusers' Regard for Future Improves With Memory Training

diciembre del 2011

Researchers correlate stimulant abusers’ improved performance on a memory training exerc ise with reductions in delay discounting.

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Disruption of Neuron Production in Adult Rats Increases Cocaine Taking

noviembre del 2011
Drug abuse may diminish production of new neurons in the brain’s hippocampus and thereby increase vulnerability to drug addiction.

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Molecular Alterations of DNA Contribute to Persistence of Memory

noviembre del 2011
In a new series of studies tracing the molecular events that occur in the brain as memories are formed and preserved, researchers find that certain epigenetic changes may promote vulnerability to relapse.

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Resting Brain Studies Shed New Light on Vulnerabilities

noviembre del 2011

Individuals with weak signaling in a nicotine-sensitive brain circuit were more vulnerable to nicotine dependence than those with stronger signaling, according to a study conducted while the subjects’ brains were in a resting state. A second resting-state study finds that the same circuit appears to mediate dependence associated with a genetic risk factor for smoking.

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New Class of Regulators for Addiction Genes

noviembre del 2011
New studies show that microRNAs, snippets of RNA implicated in a wide variety of biological processes, are involved in promoting and inhibiting cocaine addiction. The findings could pave a new path for the development of anti-addiction therapies.

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