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NIDA Notes Articles: Investigaciones sobre los tratamientos

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Cognitive Strategy Reduces Craving by Altering Brain Activity

abril del 2012

While viewing images of cigarettes, smokers reported milder cravings when they shifted their focus from the pleasures of smoking to its harmful effects. Brain imaging showed a correlation between the reductions in craving and altered activity levels in regions associated with emotional regulation and reward.

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Alleviation of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder May Improve Addiction Treatment

abril del 2012

Women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who abused drugs responded better to substance abuse treatment after their PTSD symptoms improved, according to a recent study, which also found that reductions in substance abuse did not ease PTSD severity

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Physical Activity Reduces Return to Cocaine Seeking in Animal Tests

abril del 2012

Two independent animal studies suggest that aerobic exercise might help cocaine abusers establish and maintain abstinence.

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High Rates of Job Leaving Among Addiction Counselors

abril del 2012

Substance abuse counselors and clinical supervisors disclosed high job turnover rates in a survey of 27 treatment organizations.

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In Animals, Receptor Puts Brakes on Nicotine Consumption

Marzo del 2012

New research suggests that differences in tobacco consumption reflect, in part, differences in the functional efficacy of a specific type of receptor in a pathway of the brain. In animal studies, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors with the α5 subunit played a key role in producing aversive responses to nicotine, thereby dissuading further consumption of the drug.

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Financial Strain Hinders Smoking Cessation

diciembre del 2011

Helping smokers deal with financial problems could improve their chances of staying abstinent after receiving treatment, according to a new study. Participants with the most financial strain had the least success in remaining abstinent.

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Stimulant Abusers' Regard for Future Improves With Memory Training

diciembre del 2011

Researchers correlate stimulant abusers’ improved performance on a memory training exerc ise with reductions in delay discounting.

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Nanotechnology Powers Smart Skin Patch

noviembre del 2011

An in vitro test demonstrates the potential of a programmable skin patch that will enable physicians to tailor transdermal medication doses to match patients' fluctuating needs.

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Disruption of Neuron Production in Adult Rats Increases Cocaine Taking

noviembre del 2011
Drug abuse may diminish production of new neurons in the brain’s hippocampus and thereby increase vulnerability to drug addiction.

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Molecular Alterations of DNA Contribute to Persistence of Memory

noviembre del 2011
In a new series of studies tracing the molecular events that occur in the brain as memories are formed and preserved, researchers find that certain epigenetic changes may promote vulnerability to relapse.

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