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NIDA Notes Articles: Consecuencias médicas

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Animal Studies Elaborate Toluene's Effects

junio del 2008

Reports on evidence that toluene abuse can harm the nervous system and body, although scientists know relatively little about its specific actions.

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Annual Event Teaches Students Brain Science

noviembre del 2009

Highlights activities held during Brain Awareness Week for students in Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, DC, to learn about brain anatomy and function.

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Behavioral Problems Related to Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Manifest Early in Childhood

junio del 2008

Describes research providing evidence that maternal smoking during pregnancy contributes to behavioral conduct disorders among toddlers, school-age children, and teens.

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Crack Cocaine Promotes Progression of HIV Infection to AIDS

octubre del 2010
Reports on two studies showing a high prevalence of HIV infection and more rapid progression to disability and death among drug abusers.

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Drugs Contribute to High Rates of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Juvenile Offenders

julio del 2011

Describe a study of newly arrested youths where researchers found correlations between the youths' prevalence of these sexually transmitted diseases and their cocaine and marijuana use.

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Extended Cocaine Exposure Impairs Cognitive Function in Rats

noviembre del 2009

Reports an animal study presenting evidence that cocaine causes cognitive deficits that can persist well into abstinence.

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Gene Variants Reduce Opioid Risks

junio del 2014

Two recent studies suggest that genotyping may enable clinicians to base therapies on individual patients’ potential responsiveness to opioid drugs’ therapeutic effects and vulnerability to their harmful effects.

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HIV Infection Accelerates Hepatitis C–Related Liver Fibrosis

enero del 2014

Study patients with HIV­­–hepatitis C coinfection progressed to successive degrees of severity of liver fibrosis 9 years sooner than those infected with HCV alone. Further findings from the study suggest that suppressing HIV with antiretroviral medications may slow HCV-related liver fibrosis.

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Injection Drug Users Acquire Hepatitis C Infection Later in Developed Countries

abril del 2010
Reports trends in onset of injection drug use to infection with hepatitis C virus in developed countries and notes the influence of prevention efforts.

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Long-Term Cocaine Abuse Linked With Impaired Heart Function

Marzo del 2008
Summarizes research on the effects of long-term regular cocaine abuse on the cardiovascular system in African Americans.

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Toma el reto nacional sobre el coeficiente intelectual (CI) sobre las drogas