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Your search for Prevention Research returned 62 results. Search again.

Prevention

Expanded HIV Screening Projected To Decrease Spread of the Virus

Intensified screening for HIV among injection drug users receiving opioid agonist therapy could prevent more than twice as many new infections as current screening practice. A recent study based on mathematical modeling found that screening every 6 months instead of annually, and adding viral RNA testing to the currently used HIV antibody testing, could improve both effectiveness and cost-effectiveness.

Prevention

Intervention Strengthens American Indian Teen Mothers’ Parenting

Teen mothers on three American Indian reservations improved on several measures of parenting after participating in Family Spirit, a home-visiting intervention developed with NIDA support. At 12 months postpartum, the women’s children exhibited reduced rates of emotional difficulties predicting later drug abuse and other behavioral problems. Infants at highest risk—those whose mothers had histories of drug abuse—benefited the most.

Prevention

Women Benefit From Policies To Prevent Teens From Buying Tobacco

Women who reached their majority in states with policies that restricted teens’ access to tobacco products were less likely to smoke from ages 18-34 than women in states without those policies. The research did not demonstrate that the policies had a comparable impact on men’s smoking.

Prevention

Early-Onset, Regular Cannabis Use Is Linked to IQ Decline

Regular cannabis use that starts in adolescence strips away IQ, a NIDA-supported study suggests. Participants who initiated weekly cannabis use before age 18 dropped IQ points in proportion to how long they persisted in using the drug. Persistent cannabis users’ cognitive difficulties were evident to friends and family and measurable on a battery of tests.

Prevention

After Release, Jail Inmates’ Substance Use Patterns Relate to Their Choice of Friends

When the goal is to avoid using alcohol and illicit substances after being released from jail, it’s who one’s friends are that counts most. Self-control is important because it helps a person have the right kind of friends.

Prevention

Study Endorses Onsite HIV Testing Without Risk Reduction Counseling

Patients were more likely to take a rapid HIV test when substance abuse treatment programs offered the test onsite rather than referred for offsite testing. Patients were equally likely to accept and learn their HIV status whether the offer of onsite testing was accompanied by 30 minutes of risk reduction counseling or by 5 minutes of brief information on the testing procedure. Onsite testing accompanied by brief information was cost effective, taking into account the projected lifetime costs of treatment and the gains in health and longevity for detected cases.

Basic Science

Nicotine Makes Mouse Brain More Responsive to Cocaine

Nicotine sensitizes the mouse brain to the addictive effects of cocaine, according to recent NIDA-supported research. The results accord with the hypothesis that a person’s initial use of an addictive substance physiologically sensitizes his or her brain to the rewarding and addictive effects of other substances. If the findings carry over to people, then preventing youths from smoking might reduce their vulnerability to cocaine abuse and addiction, and cocaine-dependent individuals might ease their path to recovery by quitting smoking.

Prevention

SAAF‒T Reduces African American Teens’ Substance Use, Conduct Problems

Teens who participated in the intervention Strong African American FamiliesTeen at age 16 reported fewer conduct problems and depressive symptoms and less substance abuse at age 17‒18, compared to peers exposed to a control intervention.

Prevention

Prenatal Methamphetamine Exposure Linked With Problems

Study findings indicate that children exposed to methamphetamine prenatally show more signs of increased emotionality, anxiety, and depression than nonexposed children at ages 3 and 5 years.

Prevention

Good Behavior Game Wins 2012 Mentor International Best Practice Award

The NIDA-supported Good Behavior Game recently was honored with the 2012 Mentor International Best Practice Award. The game, which focuses on reducing disruptive behaviors in elementary school classrooms, has been shown to prevent drug abuse and other problems in adolescence and young adulthood.

Prevention

Program Reduces Recidivism Among Men With Co-occurring Disorders

A modified therapeutic community program designed by NIDA-supported researchers helped Colorado offenders with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders re-enter their communities and avoid recidivism after release from prison.
Director's Perspective

The Present and Promise of mHealth

NIDA researchers have developed a computer program that motivates and encourages treatment-seeking when an individual is in a primary care physician’s waiting room. Users of the program, called Video Doctor, enter information on a portable device and receive feedback about health risks related to their drug abuse, along with advice, immediately prior to seeing their physician.
Epidemiology

Prevention System Has Lasting Effects, Benefit Exceeds Costs

Towns that implemented a drug abuse prevention program called Communities That Care will see a return of $5.30 for each $1 they invested during the 5-year trial of the intervention, according to a cost-benefit analysis. The estimate is based on reductions in smoking and delinquency observed during the fourth year of the study among eighth-graders and the projected total costs of smoking, delinquency, and crime avoided over the lifetimes of study participants.

Bulletin Board

Dr. David Jentsch Receives the 2011 Waletzky Memorial Award

Dr. J. David Jentsch is the recipient of the 2011 Jacob P. Waletzky Memorial Award for Innovative Research in Drug Addiction and Alcoholism. Dr. Jentsch and colleagues at the University of California, Los Angeles, are studying genetic and neurochemical factors that influence individual differences in inhibitory control.
Prevention

Home Visits by Nurses to Low-Income First-Time Mothers Yield Enduring Benefits

A program involving home visits by nurses to low-income first-time mothers, starting during pregnancy and extending into the second year of their children’s lives, has a positive and long-lasting impact on families. Children who participated in the program were less likely than others to report having used alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana at age 12.
Prevention

Vouchers Improve Mothers’ Smoking Abstinence and Newborns’ Weight

Pregnant women who received financial incentives to refrain from smoking during late pregnancy were more successful at remaining abstinent and less likely to have babies with low birth weight, according to data from three trials.

Prevention

Desire to Smoke Subsides, But Cigarette Cues Retain Power

During early abstinence, smokers’ cravings triggered by cigarette cues intensified over time, providing evidence that people can experience a phenomenon previously observed in experiments with animals

Prevention

Peers Increase Teen Driving Risk via Heightened Reward Activity

Adolescent, but not adult, drivers are more likely to take risks when peers are watching, a new study suggests.
Prevention

Program Helps Troubled Boys Reduce Substance Abuse

Chronically delinquent boys in Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care reduced their substance abuse more than boys assigned to Community Group Care.

Prevention

Individual Differences in Decisionmaking Style May Predict Teen Problems

Reports on the relative influence of genes versus environment on adolescents’ choices that involve delayed gratification.

Prevention

Drugs Contribute to High Rates of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Juvenile Offenders

Describe a study of newly arrested youths where researchers found correlations between the youths' prevalence of these sexually transmitted diseases and their cocaine and marijuana use.

Basic Science

Gene Influences Impact of Maternal Smoking on Children's Behavioral Problems

Describes research showing that the combination of prenatal smoking exposure and specific genes increases children’s and adolescent’s risk for behavior problems.
Bulletin Board

Week-Long Events Teach Teens Drug Abuse Facts

Highlights activities from the 2011 National Drug Facts Week in which communities sponsor events to educate teenagers about drugs and drug abuse.
Treatment

Prison Use of Medications for Opioid Addiction Remains Low

Describes results from a nationwide survey among correctional facilities on the use of opioid replacement therapy for people who are addicted to heroin.

Prevention

Intensive Interventions Reduce Risky Sexual Behaviors

Discusses research that compares multiple sessions of motivational and behavioral training with that of a single intervention among male and female substance abusers to reduce high-risk sexual behaviors.
NIDA @ Work

Office Meets Dynamic Challenges of Diversity

Describes NIDA’s Special Populations Office which promotes addiction science that examines health disparities and foster research careers among members of underrepresented communities.
Director's Perspective

Physical Activity May Prevent Substance Abuse

Considers the potential role of physical activity on substance abuse prevention and describes some of the research that has been conducted on this emerging area of addiction science.

Prevention

Prevention Program Reduces Later Risky Sexual Behaviors

Reports on a school-based drug abuse prevention program showing that teens who participate in the program are less likely than their peers to engage in risky sexual behavior as young adults.
Prevention

Prevention Program Averts Initiation of Alcohol and Tobacco Use

Describes a community focused prevention program that aids towns in lowering rates of delinquency, initiation of alcohol and tobacco use, and binge drinking among middle school students.
Prevention

Parental Supervision and Genetics Interact To Influence Nicotine Addiction

Reviews research indicating that both parental influence and certain genes interact to influence nicotine addiction and that parental monitoring may play a role in reducing risk.

Bulletin Board

Three Scientists Join Advisory Council

Announces three new NIDA National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse members and describes their drug abuse and addiction research experience.
Treatment

Cocaine Vaccine Helps Some Reduce Drug Abuse

Reports on the results of a clinical trial that tested the effectiveness of a cocaine vaccine designed as a therapy for cocaine abuse and plans underway for a new study of 300 patients to confirm these results.

Prevention

High, Persistent Rates of Risky Sexual Behaviors in Delinquent Youth

Reports study findings that show young people who have gotten into trouble with the criminal justice system report high rates of sexual behaviors that increase risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
Prevention

School-Wide Program Reduces Problem Behaviors and Improves Academic Outcomes

Reports on a school-centered program for social and emotional development that was credited with reducing rates of substance abuse, violent behavior, and voluntary sexual activity among primary school children.

Bulletin Board

Four Scientists Receive Avant-Garde Awards

Recognizes four scientists for the 2009 Avant-Garde Award for HIV research, an award intended to stimulate groundbreaking research for the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS in drug abusers.

Prevention

Neuroimaging Challenges Common Assumption of Public Service Messaging

Describes a study of smokers' brain function while they watched antismoking PSAs and findings suggesting that calmer ads may be more effective.
Prevention

Vouchers Boost Smoking Abstinence During Pregnancy

Describes a voucher-based reinforcement therapy trial with pregnant smokers to determine its effectiveness in enhancing abstinence rates.
Prevention

Behavior Game Played in Primary Grades Reduces Later Drug-Related Problems

Presents research findings on a study to test the effectiveness of a classroom activity designed to instill appropriate behavior during children’s first 2 years of school.
Director's Perspective

Helping Doctors Become First Responders to Substance Abuse

Describes a toolkit that guides doctors in assessing a patient’s risk of developing an addiction problem, advising patients on the effects of substance abuse, and arranging for referrals.

Director's Perspective

NIDA's 35th Anniversary: Science Focused on Solutions

Commemorates NIDA’s 35th anniversary and highlights some of the major accomplishments since the Institute’s inception in 1974.

NIDA @ Work

DESPR Identifies Drug Abuse Trends and Seeks Solutions

Discusses the work of NIDA’s Division of Epidemiology, Services and Prevention Research, organized to track drug use and provide empirically based information for researchers and service providers.
Director's Perspective

Substance Abuse Among Troops, Veterans, and Their Families

Highlights the need for research to assess and find solutions to a potential rise in substance abuse among service men and women, veterans, and their families.

Prevention

Intervention for Disruptive Children Shows Long-Term Benefits

Reports on research providing evidence that teaching aggressive youngsters social coping skills reduces their chances of becoming substance abusers.

Prevention

Program Reduces Girls' Delinquent Behavior

Reports on a study involving adolescent girls who were treated for delinquent behaviors in a well-supervised family setting, referred to as Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care.

Director's Perspective

Stimulus Money Will Fund a Surge in Knowledge

Describes NIDA’s drug abuse and addiction research priorities for the use of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 funds.

Basic Science

Prenatal Nicotine Exposure May Damage Receptors That Influence Auditory Processing

Reports on a series of animal experiments indicating that nicotine exposure during prenatal fetal development damages a set of receptors in the brain's auditory processing center.

Prevention

Reducing Postpartum Drug Use

Highlights a computerized intervention that reduced new mothers' drug abuse in the first 4 months postpartum as reported in a clinical trial of 107 women who abused drugs.

Director's Perspective

Research Breakthroughs in Drug Abuse Have Wide Applications in Other Fields

Offers an overview of some of the NIDA-supported innovative research achievements to reduce the health and social effects of drug abuse and addiction.

Bulletin Board

Social Neuroscience Meeting Aims To Improve Prevention, Treatment

Presents highlights of a meeting of scientists and clinicians to review research results from the field of social neuroscience, the study of how neurobiology and the social environment interact.

Prevention

Behavioral Problems Related to Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Manifest Early in Childhood

Describes research providing evidence that maternal smoking during pregnancy contributes to behavioral conduct disorders among toddlers, school-age children, and teens.

NIDA @ Work

Linking NIDA to Researchers on a Global Scale

Highlights the NIDA International Program which works to strengthen international research networks, creating opportunities for global research collaboration, training, and scientific exchange.

Epidemiology

Alcohol Abuse Makes Prescription Drug Abuse More Likely

Reports on results from a study showing that men and women with alcohol use disorders are more likely to report nonmedical use of prescription drugs than people who don't drink at all.

Bulletin Board

Researchers Report on Progress of NIDA's Southern Africa Initiative

Presents an update on NIDA’s Southern African Initiative, a program that aims to build research capacity and infrastructure in the area of addiction, particularly drug-related HIV transmission.

Journal Highlights Global Nexus of Drug Abuse and HIV/AIDS

Reviews a journal supplement that compiles studies on drug-related HIV transmission, with a focus on injection drug use, in 16 different localities across the globe.
Prevention

Controlling College Students' ADHD Symptoms May Protect Them Against Substance Abuse

Reports data on the prevalence of substance use among college students with ADHD, comparing those who received ADHD treatment with those who did not.

Study Links Anabolic Steroids to Brain Changes in Adolescent Female Mice

Reports on an animal study finding that links anabolic steroids to brain changes in adolescent female mice, changes that can potentially lead to steroid abuse.

Uneven Regional Brain Development Contributes to Adolescent Risk-Taking

Reports on the work of scientists who have linked impulsiveness and risk-taking among adolescents to immaturity of the brain region called the orbitofrontal cortex.

Vaccine May Reduce Fetal Exposure to Nicotine

Describes research on a vaccine developed to facilitate smoking cessation by blocking nicotine penetration into the brain.
Bulletin Board

Journal Highlights Opportunities in Hispanic Drug Abuse Research

Reviews a journal supplement that compiles information on drug abuse research in the Hispanic population.

Behavioral Response to Novelty Foreshadows Neurological Response to Cocaine

Describes evidence supporting the view that developmental differences in brain systems that use the neurotransmitter dopamine underlie age differences in susceptibility to drug abuse.

Studies Focus on Acculturation and Hispanic Youth

Summarizes a study that analyzes factors associated with the risk of drug addiction among 19- to 21-year-old Hispanic women born in the United States as compared with immigrants.
Bulletin Board

NIDA's National Advisory Council Welcomes New Members

Introduces four new members to NIDA’s National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse, including Drs. Warren K. Bickel, Ellie E. Schoenbaum, and Marina E. Wolf, and Ms. Janet Wood.
NIDA Notes

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Toma el reto nacional sobre el coeficiente intelectual (CI) sobre las drogas