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Mujeres embarazadas

Vouchers Improve Mothers’ Smoking Abstinence and Newborns’ Weight

Pregnant women who received financial incentives to refrain from smoking during late pregnancy were more successful at remaining abstinent and less likely to have babies with low birth weight, according to data from three trials.

Nicotine Alters the Developing Rat Brain

Describes animal studies that suggested exposure to the drug during gestation or adolescence may cause lasting alterations in reward and motivation circuits.

Vaccine May Reduce Fetal Exposure to Nicotine

Describes research on a vaccine developed to facilitate smoking cessation by blocking nicotine penetration into the brain.

Methamphetamine Restricts Fetal Growth, Increases Lethargy in Newborns

Reports on research showing that newborns whose mothers abused methamphetamine during pregnancy showed lower rates of fetal growth as compared with unexposed newborns.

Behavioral Problems Related to Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Manifest Early in Childhood

Describes research providing evidence that maternal smoking during pregnancy contributes to behavioral conduct disorders among toddlers, school-age children, and teens.

Reducing Postpartum Drug Use

Highlights a computerized intervention that reduced new mothers' drug abuse in the first 4 months postpartum as reported in a clinical trial of 107 women who abused drugs.

Nicotine Dependence is Linked With Mental Disorders in Pregnant Women

Reports on a link between mental disorders, including mood, anxiety, or personality disorder and nicotine dependence in pregnancy women.

Prenatal Nicotine Exposure May Damage Receptors That Influence Auditory Processing

Reports on a series of animal experiments indicating that nicotine exposure during prenatal fetal development damages a set of receptors in the brain's auditory processing center.

Vouchers Boost Smoking Abstinence During Pregnancy

Describes a voucher-based reinforcement therapy trial with pregnant smokers to determine its effectiveness in enhancing abstinence rates.

Gene Influences Impact of Maternal Smoking on Children's Behavioral Problems

Describes research showing that the combination of prenatal smoking exposure and specific genes increases children’s and adolescent’s risk for behavior problems.

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