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Tobacco/Nicotine

Brief Description

Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), cigarette smoking results in more than 443,000 premature deaths in the United States each year—about 1 in every 5 U.S. deaths2—and an additional 8.6 million people suffer with a serious illness caused by smoking.3 Thus, for every one person who dies from smoking, 20 more suffer from at least one serious tobacco-related illness.3 Learn more

Statistics and Trends

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Monitoring the Future Study: Trends in Prevalence of Various Drugs for 8th Graders, 10th Graders, and 12th Graders; 2013 (in percent)*
Drug Time Period 8th Graders 10th Graders 12th Graders
Cigarettes (any use) Lifetime 14.80 [25.70] 38.10
Past Month 4.50 [9.10] 16.30
Daily 1.80 4.40 8.50
1/2-pack+/day 0.70 1.50 3.40
Smokeless Tobacco Lifetime 7.90 14.00 17.20
Past Month 2.80 6.40 8.10
Daily 0.50 1.90 3.00

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National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Trends in Prevalence of Various Drugs for Ages 12 or Older, Ages 12 to 17, Ages 18 to 25, and Ages 26 or Older; 2013 (in percent)*
Drug Time Period Ages 12 or Older Ages 12 to 17 Ages 18 to 25 Ages 26 or Older
Cigarettes (any use) Lifetime 61.8 [15.7] [57.9] 68.1
Past Year 25.3 [10.3] [39.5] 24.6
Past Month [21.3] [5.6] 30.6 21.6
Smokeless Tobacco Lifetime 17.6 6.0 20.3 18.5
Past Year 4.5 4.1 9.3 3.8
Past Month 3.4 2.0 5.8 3.1

Related Publications

Publication: Research Report Series - Tobacco/Nicotine Cover

Tobacco/Nicotine (Research Reports)

Published July 1998. Revised July 2012. Discusses the harmful effects of tobacco use, risks associated with pregnancy and adolescents, as well as best practices for the prevention and treatment of tobacco addiction. En Español

Electronic Cigarettes (e-Cigarettes) (DrugFacts)

Published November 2013. Revised September 2014. Electronic cigarettes (also called e-­‐cigarettes or electronic nicotine delivery systems) are smokeless, battery operated devices designed to deliver nicotine with flavorings or other chemicals to the lungs of users without burning tobacco En Español

Nationwide Trends (DrugFacts)

Published April 2011. Revised January 2014. Examines nationwide trends in drug abuse and addiction among youth, describing lifetime, past year and past month use for alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs, and prescription drugs. En Español

Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (DrugFacts)

Revised December 2012. Provides an overview of the effects of cigarette and other tobacco products, including their effect on their brain, other health effects, approaches to smoking or nicotine cessation, and overall use among youth. En Español

Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction (DrugFacts)

Revised September 2009. Describes research findings on effective medication and behavior treatment approaches for drug abuse and addiction and discusses special considerations for the criminal justice setting. En Español

Related Resources

Other Resources

Past information on many drugs of abuse is available on our Archives site.

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This page was last updated February 2014

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National Institute of Drug Abuse (2014). Tobacco/Nicotine Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/tobacco-nicotine

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Research Report

Research Report Cover

Tobacco

Discusses the harmful effects of tobacco use, risks associated with pregnancy and adolescents, as well as best practices for the prevention and treatment of tobacco addiction.

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Easy-to-read Drug Facts

NIDA TV Spotlight: Tobacco Partnership with FDA

I'm ready to Quit! smokefree.gov
You Can quit smoking. Talk with your doctor for help. CDC. Learn more.
Smoking comes at a high price. Learn about the Real Cost. FDA.gov