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MDMA (Ecstasy/Molly)

Brief Description

MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine), popularly known as ecstasy or, more recently, as Molly, is a synthetic, psychoactive drug that has similarities to both the stimulant amphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline. It produces feelings of increased energy, euphoria, emotional warmth and empathy toward others, and distortions in sensory and time perception. Learn more

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Statistics and Trends

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Monitoring the Future Study: Trends in Prevalence of MDMA for 8th Graders, 10th Graders, and 12th Graders; 2014 (in percent)*
Drug Time Period 8th Graders 10th Graders 12th Graders
MDMA Lifetime 1.40 [3.70] 5.60
Past Year 0.90 [2.30] 3.60
Past Month 0.40 [0.80] 1.40

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National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Trends in Prevalence of MDMA for Ages 12 or Older, Ages 12 to 17, Ages 18 to 25, and Ages 26 or Older; 2013 (in percent)*
Drug Time Period Ages 12 or Older Ages 12 to 17 Ages 18 to 25 Ages 26 or Older
MDMA Lifetime [6.80] [1.50] 12.80 [6.40]
Past Year 1.00 0.90 4.00 0.50
Past Month 0.30 0.20 0.90 0.10

Related Publications

Publication Cover

MDMA (Ecstasy) Abuse (Research Reports)

Published March 2006. Describes the science behind MDMA (ecstasy) abuse, including what it does to the brain, whether it is addictive, and the latest research regarding prevention and treatment of MDMA. En Español

Publication Cover

MDMA (Ecstasy) Abuse (Research Reports)

Published March 2006. Describes the science behind MDMA (ecstasy) abuse, including what it does to the brain, whether it is addictive, and the latest research regarding prevention and treatment of MDMA. En Español

MDMA (Ecstasy or Molly) (DrugFacts)

Revised September 2013. Provides basic facts about MDMA, also called ecstasy or Molly, including how it affects the brain, other health effects, and its potential for addiction. En Español

High School and Youth Trends (DrugFacts)

Revised December 2014. Describes trends in high school and youth drug abuse and addiction, with an emphasis on marijuana, cigarettes, prescription drugs, alcohol and ecstasy. En Español

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The Neurobiology of Ecstasy (MDMA) (Teaching Packets)

Revised January 2007. The fourth in a 5-part series, explores the biology behind ecstasy use in the brain and discusses both short- and long-term effects of its use.

Related Resources

Other Resources

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Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies in human volunteers conducted to answer specific health questions. Learn about the NIH-sponsored clinical trials available to you.

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This page was last updated September 2013

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    National Institute on Drug Abuse. MDMA (Ecstasy/Molly) Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/mdma-ecstasymolly

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    Research Report

    Research Report Cover

    MDMA (Ecstasy) Abuse

    Describes the science behind MDMA (ecstasy) abuse, including what it does to the brain, whether it is addictive, and the latest research regarding prevention and treatment of MDMA.

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