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Cocaine

Brief Description

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. It produces short-term euphoria, energy, and talkativeness in addition to potentially dangerous physical effects like raising heart rate and blood pressure. Learn more

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Statistics and Trends

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Monitoring the Future Study: Trends in Prevalence of Various Drugs for 8th Graders, 10th Graders, and 12th Graders; 2013 (in percent)*
Drug Time Period 8th Graders 10th Graders 12th Graders
Cocaine Lifetime 1.70 3.30 4.50
Past Year 1.00 1.90 2.60
Past Month 0.50 0.80 1.10
Crack Cocaine Lifetime 1.20 1.50 1.80
Past Year 0.60 0.80 1.10
Past Month 0.30 0.40 0.60

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National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Trends in Prevalence of Various Drugs for Ages 12 or Older, Ages 12 to 17, Ages 18 to 25, and Ages 26 or Older; 2013 (in percent)*
Drug Time Period Ages 12 or Older Ages 12 to 17 Ages 18 to 25 Ages 26 or Older
Cocaine Lifetime 14.3 0.9 11.6 16.5
Past Year 1.6 [0.5] 4.4 1.2
Past Month 0.6 0.2 1.1 0.5
Crack Cocaine Lifetime 3.4 0.1 1.6 4.1
Past Year [0.2] 0.0 0.3 0.3
Past Month 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2

Related Publications

Publication: Research Report Series - Cocaine

Cocaine (Research Reports)

Published May 1999. Revised September 2010. Describes the latest research findings on cocaine, exploring the scope of abuse in the U.S., its potential long- and short-term health effects, maternal cocaine use, and treatment approaches. En Español

Cocaine (DrugFacts)

Revised April 2013. Provides basic facts about cocaine, including how it affects the brain, other health consequences of its use, treatment options, and statistics on cocaine abuse among youth. En Español

Publication Cover

Cocaine (Mind Over Matter)

Published January 1997. Revised January 2009. Explores with young teens how cocaine changes the way nerve cells communicate in the brain and the negative effects the drug can have on the body. En Español

3D Illustration of the Human Brain

The Brain & the Actions of Cocaine, Opiates, and Marijuana (Teaching Packets)

Revised January 2007. The first in a 5-part series, offers an understanding of the brain, how the reward center works, and what happens in the brain when a person uses cocaine, opiates (heroine), or marijuana.

Related Resources

Other Resources

Past information on many drugs of abuse is available on our Archives site.

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This page was last updated December 2013

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National Institute of Drug Abuse. Cocaine Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/cocaine

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Research Report

Research Report Cover

Cocaine

Describes the latest research findings on cocaine, exploring the scope of abuse in the U.S., its potential long- and short-term health effects, maternal cocaine use, and treatment approaches.

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