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NIDA

African Americans

Study Finds Genetic Influence on African Americans’ Smoking

A meta-analysis of 13 genome-wide association studies of African Americans’ smoking patterns confirms the significance of genetic variation in region 15q25.1. The analysis also tentatively implicates several genome locations that have not previously been associated with smoking behaviors.

SAAF‒T Reduces African American Teens’ Substance Use, Conduct Problems

Teens who participated in the intervention Strong African American FamiliesTeen at age 16 reported fewer conduct problems and depressive symptoms and less substance abuse at age 17‒18, compared to peers exposed to a control intervention.

Office Meets Dynamic Challenges of Diversity

Describes NIDA’s Special Populations Office which promotes addiction science that examines health disparities and foster research careers among members of underrepresented communities.

Stress Response May Underlie African- Americans' Reduced Pain Tolerance

Summarizes research suggesting a physiological difference as the explanation for African-Americans' reported low tolerance for pain.

Ethnicity Influences Early Smoking and Progression to Drug Abuse

Summarizes findings from a 10-year study that monitored smoking and progress to other drugs among youth that found ethnicity to be an influential factor.

Long-Term Cocaine Abuse Linked With Impaired Heart Function

Summarizes research on the effects of long-term regular cocaine abuse on the cardiovascular system in African Americans.

Ethnic Groups Have Contrasting Genetic Risks for Nicotine Addiction

Describes research exploring differences and similarities in the genetic profiles of African-Americans and European-Americans who are heavy smokers.

Letter from the Director

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) — the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) — has been with us for three decades now. Today, an entire generation of young adults has never known a world without HIV/AIDS.

Menthol May Strengthen Nicotine Addiction

Reports on a study of Latino and African-American smokers of menthol cigarettes who did not benefit as much from a month-long smoking cessation program as smokers of non-menthol cigarettes.
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