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NIDA

Opioids

Opioids

Describes to young teens how opioids, such as Vicodin, morphine, heroin, and codeine, affect the brain—including the limbic system—and the nervous system.

Published: January 1997
Revised: September 2014


Read this publication online at the NIDA for Teens Web site »

The Brain & the Actions of Cocaine, Opiates, and Marijuana

The first in a 5-part series, offers an understanding of the brain, how the reward center works, and what happens in the brain when a person uses cocaine, opiates (heroine), or marijuana.

Revised: January 2007

A Faculty Development Workshop for Primary Care Preceptors: Helping Your Residents Care for Patients Requesting Opioids for Chronic Pain

Summary

Uses a case study to explore the terminology, epidemiology, and management strategies when considering the use of opioids for patients who are at risk for prescription drug abuse.

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Minimizing the Misuse of Prescription Opioids in Patients With Chronic Nonmalignant Pain

Summary

Uses a case study to address the management of patients with chronic nonmalignant pain that integrates techniques to prevent and detect misuse of prescription opioids.

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A Problem-Based Learning Case on Prescription Drug Abuse - Patient S.K.

Summary

Examines prescription drug abuse and offers a case study to help students understand the screening and diagnostic tools available for alcohol and drug abuse.

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Patient-Centered Learning: Substance Abuse in a Physician - The Connor Johnson Case

Summary

Highlights substance abuse among physicians and offers a case study to help students understand the risks and signs of drug abuse in the physician population.

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Prescription Drug Abuse: An Introduction

Summary

Provides an overview of prescription drug abuse, framed within the clinical scenario of chronic pain management in the outpatient setting.

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Opioid Risk Management Objective Structured Clinical Exams (OSCE)

Summary

Uses performance-based assessments to examine approaches to managing patients who require long term opioid analgesics for chronic pain.

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Antipsychotic Drug Prevents Morphine Tolerance in Mice

Summarizes animal studies indicating that an antipsychotic drug, trifluoperazine, prevents morphine tolerance in mice.

Scientists Pinpoint Brain's Sweet Tooth

Reports on research that successfully traced rats’ liking for sweets to a 1-cubic millimeter site in the medial shell of the nucleus accumbens in the brain.

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