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Opioids

Buprenorphine During Pregnancy Reduces Neonate Distress

Sublingual buprenorphine is a safe and effective alternative to methadone for treating opioid dependence during pregnancy, finds the Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental Research (MOTHER) study, a NIDA-supported clinical trial. Women who received either medication had similar pregnancy and birth outcomes, but infants born to women who received buprenorphine had milder symptoms of neonatal opioid withdrawal.

NIH selects 11 Centers of Excellence in Pain Education

The National Institutes of Health Pain Consortium has selected 11 health professional schools as designated Centers of Excellence in Pain Education (CoEPEs).


Study provides clues for designing new anti-addiction medications

Scientists are now one step closer to developing anti-addiction medications, thanks to new research that provides a better understanding of the properties of the only member of the opioid receptor family whose activation counteracts the rewarding effects of addictive drugs.


Opioids

Describes how opioids, such as Vicodin, morphine, heroin, and codeine, affect the brain, the nervous system, and the limbic system, which controls emotions.

Published: January 1997
Revised: September 2014


Read this publication online at the NIDA for Teens Web site »

Commonly Abused Prescription Drugs Chart

Offers a list prescription drugs commonly abused, including depressants, opioids and morphine derivatives, and stimulants, and provides their common and street names, how they are generally administered, and their potential health effects.

Published: September 2002
Revised: October 2011

The Brain & the Actions of Cocaine, Opiates, and Marijuana

The first in a 5-part series, offers an understanding of the brain, how the reward center works, and what happens in the brain when a person uses cocaine, opiates (heroine), or marijuana.

Revised: January 2007

A Faculty Development Workshop for Primary Care Preceptors: Helping Your Residents Care for Patients Requesting Opioids for Chronic Pain

Summary

Uses a case study to explore the terminology, epidemiology, and management strategies when considering the use of opioids for patients who are at risk for prescription drug abuse.

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Minimizing the Misuse of Prescription Opioids in Patients With Chronic Nonmalignant Pain

Summary

Uses a case study to address the management of patients with chronic nonmalignant pain that integrates techniques to prevent and detect misuse of prescription opioids.

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A Problem-Based Learning Case on Prescription Drug Abuse - Patient S.K.

Summary

Examines prescription drug abuse and offers a case study to help students understand the screening and diagnostic tools available for alcohol and drug abuse.

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