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NIDA

Relapse and Recovery

Combination Treatment Extends Marijuana Abstinence

Describes research investigating the use of a treatment that combines vouchers and cognitive behavioral therapy as compared with the use of either treatment alone for marijuana abuse.

Chronic Cocaine Abusers Have Occult Insomnia in Early Abstinence

Reports on research of chronic cocaine abusers who may feel they are sleeping better during early abstinence revealed that the opposite may be true.

New Therapy Reduces Drug Abuse Among Patients With Severe Mental Illness

Describes a new intervention that enhances recovery prospects for substance abusers whose mental illness complicates the path toward recovery.

Social Neuroscience Meeting Aims To Improve Prevention, Treatment

Presents highlights of a meeting of scientists and clinicians to review research results from the field of social neuroscience, the study of how neurobiology and the social environment interact.

Lofexidine May Enhance Naltrexone Efficacy

Highlights results from a pilot study suggesting that lofexidine, an anti-hypertensive medication, can enhance success rates among patients taking maintenance naltrexone to avoid opioid relapse.

High-Risk Drug Offenders Do Better With Close Judicial Supervision

Reports on research showing that increasing the mandatory drug court monitoring sessions for high-risk drug offenders can enhance program success rates.

New Vaccines Are Being Developed Against Addiction and Relapse

NIDA Director Nora Volkow

Highlights NIDA-funded research to develop vaccines against addiction to drugs such as cocaine, nicotine, phencyclidine (PCP), and methamphetamine.

Aripiprazole Prevents Rats From Resuming Cocaine Seeking

Reports on study results indicating a medication prescribed for schizophrenia and manic phases of bipolar disorder shows promise as a cocaine addiction treatment.

Cocaine Locks Rats Into Unrewarding Behaviors

Describes research with rats to better understand cocaine’s effect on the neural signaling in the learning circuits of the brain.

Drug Cues Outside Awareness Rapidly Trigger Brain's Emotion Centers

Describes research showing that cocaine abusers appear to have a rapid neural response to reward cues outside of their awareness, possibly signifying vulnerability to relapse.

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