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NIDA

Health Disparities

Intervention Strengthens American Indian Teen Mothers’ Parenting

Teen mothers on three American Indian reservations improved on several measures of parenting after participating in Family Spirit, a home-visiting intervention developed with NIDA support. At 12 months postpartum, the women’s children exhibited reduced rates of emotional difficulties predicting later drug abuse and other behavioral problems. Infants at highest risk—those whose mothers had histories of drug abuse—benefited the most.

Home Visits by Nurses to Low-Income First-Time Mothers Yield Enduring Benefits

A program involving home visits by nurses to low-income first-time mothers, starting during pregnancy and extending into the second year of their children’s lives, has a positive and long-lasting impact on families. Children who participated in the program were less likely than others to report having used alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana at age 12.

Substance Abuse Among Older Adults

NIDA Director Nora Volkow

Understanding and responding to drug abuse among America’s aging population becomes more urgent as a growing percentage of baby boomers enter the over-50 age bracket.

Office Meets Dynamic Challenges of Diversity

Describes NIDA’s Special Populations Office which promotes addiction science that examines health disparities and foster research careers among members of underrepresented communities.

Report Calls for Sweeping Changes in Health Care for Mental and Substance Abuse Problems

Reviews a report from the National Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Medicine that discusses ways to improve the quality of health care among people with mental health and substance abuse disorders.

Conferees Discuss Ways to Eliminate Disparities in Care

Presents highlights of a meeting summit to discuss ways to eliminate disparities in care, particularly as they relate to drug abuse and HIV.

Detoxification Services and Pharmacotherapies Lacking in Nation's Jails and Prisons

Reports findings from a survey that revealed that although substance abuse is prevalent in jails and prisons, many correctional facilities do not offer detoxification services or therapies to aid in maintaining abstinence.

Fewer Girls Are Smoking, But Change Is Uneven

Reports 2010 rates of cigarette smoking among eighth girls, providing historical data and racial and ethnic differences.

HIV Treatment Interruption Is Pervasive After Release From Texas Prisons

Describes a study revealing that HIV-infected prisoners in Texas often experience an interruption in treatment following their release and that assistance in filling out paperwork can reduce these interruptions.

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