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NIDA

Treatment

Study Gives Green Light to Antiretroviral Medications for HIV-Infected Injection Drug Users

Reports finding from a study showing that access to antiretroviral therapies, HAART in particular, can improve the health of HIV-infected patients who have a history of injection drug use.

Test Substance Attenuates Signs of Cocaine Withdrawal in Rats

Reports on several drugs that may ward off depression and anxiety, common withdrawal symptoms from cocaine, based on an animal study.

Recovery May Be Harder for Adolescents, Animal Study Suggests

Reports animal study findings that suggest adolescents' heightened sensitivity to drug reward puts them at enhanced risk of addiction and may also increase their challenges in recovery.

Recovery Checkup System Helps Substance Abusers Who Have Mental Disorders

Reports on a posttreatment intervention to support recovery that may be especially beneficial for substance abusers with co-occurring mental disorders.

Treatment Patterns Vary Among People With Co-Occurring Disorders Based on Type of Treatment System Entered

Presents a summary of a study that followed individuals who entered mental health crisis or substance abuse detoxification residential centers in San Francisco and the types of treatment they received.

Medications That Normalize Brain Glutamate Reduce Drug-Seeking in Rats

Reports on two studies that demonstrate the promise of treating addiction with medications that alleviate drug-induced alterations in signaling by the neurotransmitter glutamate.

Young Opioid Abusers Benefit From Extended Buprenorphine-Naloxone Treatment

Reports on a study investigating the benefits of extended opioid maintenance therapy that included drug counseling and 12 weeks of therapy with buprenorphine and naloxone.

Stroop Test Identifies Patients at Risk for Treatment Dropout

Reports on a study of cocaine abusers revealing that the Stroop test may predict which cocaine abusers are likely to drop out of therapy.

Attention to Bipolar Disorder Strengthens Substance Abuse Treatment

Describes a study of participants who had both substance abuse and bipolar disorder to investigate the potential benefits of integrated group therapy for this population.

Anticipation of Methadone Enhances Brain Reactivity to Heroin Cues

Describes findings of a study revealing that images of heroin preparation and injection can incite craving and excite brain areas associated with reward-seeking even in methadone-maintained patients.

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