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Prevention

Reducing Postpartum Drug Use

Highlights a computerized intervention that reduced new mothers' drug abuse in the first 4 months postpartum as reported in a clinical trial of 107 women who abused drugs.

High-Risk Drug Offenders Do Better With Close Judicial Supervision

Reports on research showing that increasing the mandatory drug court monitoring sessions for high-risk drug offenders can enhance program success rates.

Program Reduces Girls' Delinquent Behavior

Reports on a study involving adolescent girls who were treated for delinquent behaviors in a well-supervised family setting, referred to as Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care.

Intervention for Disruptive Children Shows Long-Term Benefits

Reports on research providing evidence that teaching aggressive youngsters social coping skills reduces their chances of becoming substance abusers.

School-Wide Program Reduces Problem Behaviors and Improves Academic Outcomes

Reports on a school-centered program for social and emotional development that was credited with reducing rates of substance abuse, violent behavior, and voluntary sexual activity among primary school children.

High, Persistent Rates of Risky Sexual Behaviors in Delinquent Youth

Reports study findings that show young people who have gotten into trouble with the criminal justice system report high rates of sexual behaviors that increase risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

Neuroimaging Challenges Common Assumption of Public Service Messaging

Describes a study of smokers' brain function while they watched antismoking PSAs and findings suggesting that calmer ads may be more effective.

Vouchers Boost Smoking Abstinence During Pregnancy

Describes a voucher-based reinforcement therapy trial with pregnant smokers to determine its effectiveness in enhancing abstinence rates.

Behavior Game Played in Primary Grades Reduces Later Drug-Related Problems

Presents research findings on a study to test the effectiveness of a classroom activity designed to instill appropriate behavior during children’s first 2 years of school.

Intensive Interventions Reduce Risky Sexual Behaviors

Discusses research that compares multiple sessions of motivational and behavioral training with that of a single intervention among male and female substance abusers to reduce high-risk sexual behaviors.

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