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Ethnicity Influences Early Smoking and Progression to Drug Abuse
Summarizes findings from a 10-year study that monitored smoking and progress to other drugs among youth that found ethnicity to be an influential factor.
Report Calls for Sweeping Changes in Health Care for Mental and Substance Abuse Problems
Reviews a report from the National Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Medicine that discusses ways to improve the quality of health care among people with mental health and substance abuse disorders.
Brain Changes Accompany Cocaine Withdrawal
Summarizes an animal study of the neural changes in the amygdala portion of the brain that occur as a result of cocaine exposure followed by withdrawal of the drug.
Medical Care During Addiction Treatment Reduces Hospital Use
Reports on an analysis comparing three types of addiction treatment programs: methadone maintenance programs, long-term residential programs, and nonmethadone programs.
Studies Focus on Acculturation and Hispanic Youth
Summarizes a study that analyzes factors associated with the risk of drug addiction among 19- to 21-year-old Hispanic women born in the United States as compared with immigrants.
GHB Intoxication Reports Decline in California
Highlights statistics on the number of reports of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) use intoxication in California from 1999 to 2003.
How Drug Abuse Affects the Brain and Alters Behavior Are Key Questions Driving Division's Work
Discusses the work of NIDA’s Division of Basic Neuroscience and Behavioral Research, the Institute’s locus for studies into the fundamental brain mechanisms underlying drug abuse and addiction.
Nicotine Alters the Developing Rat Brain
Describes animal studies that suggested exposure to the drug during gestation or adolescence may cause lasting alterations in reward and motivation circuits.
Cocaine Craving Activates Brain Reward Structures; Cocaine "High" Dampens Them
Reports on a study that documenting changing emotional and neurobiological responses to cocaine with successive doses during a single session of drug taking.
Cocaine Abusers' Pretreatment Cue Responses Predict Recovery Success
Reports on the work of researchers who used brain images to correlate cocaine-addicted patients' regional brain responses to drug cues with their outcomes in subsequent treatment.