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NIDA

Health and Medical Professionals

Opioid Risk Management Objective Structured Clinical Exams (OSCE)

Summary

Uses performance-based assessments to examine approaches to managing patients who require long term opioid analgesics for chronic pain.

Resource Materials

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The Clinical Assessment of Substance Use Disorders

Summary

Offers educational tools to aid in the screening, evaluation, and referral of patients with substance abuse disorders. Includes a video and facilitator's guide.

Resource Materials

Details

Methylphenidate for Comorbid Cocaine Abuse, ADHD

Describes an inpatient study investigating the effectiveness of sustained-release methylphenidate as a treatment for cocaine-addiction patients with ADHD.

Ethnicity Influences Early Smoking and Progression to Drug Abuse

Summarizes findings from a 10-year study that monitored smoking and progress to other drugs among youth that found ethnicity to be an influential factor.

Report Calls for Sweeping Changes in Health Care for Mental and Substance Abuse Problems

Reviews a report from the National Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Medicine that discusses ways to improve the quality of health care among people with mental health and substance abuse disorders.

Brain Changes Accompany Cocaine Withdrawal

Summarizes an animal study of the neural changes in the amygdala portion of the brain that occur as a result of cocaine exposure followed by withdrawal of the drug.

Medical Care During Addiction Treatment Reduces Hospital Use

Reports on an analysis comparing three types of addiction treatment programs: methadone maintenance programs, long-term residential programs, and nonmethadone programs.

Studies Focus on Acculturation and Hispanic Youth

Summarizes a study that analyzes factors associated with the risk of drug addiction among 19- to 21-year-old Hispanic women born in the United States as compared with immigrants.

GHB Intoxication Reports Decline in California

Highlights statistics on the number of reports of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) use intoxication in California from 1999 to 2003.

How Drug Abuse Affects the Brain and Alters Behavior Are Key Questions Driving Division's Work

Discusses the work of NIDA’s Division of Basic Neuroscience and Behavioral Research, the Institute’s locus for studies into the fundamental brain mechanisms underlying drug abuse and addiction.

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